CBSE Class 11th Organic Chemistry
CBSE Class 11 Organic Chemistry
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Basic Understanding of Organic Chemistry
* What is Organic Chemistry & Why Should We Study It * Representation of organic Molecules * Questions to find no of H at given Carbon * Functional groups * Questions of Functional Group * Homologue & Homologous Series * Saturated & Unsaturated Compounds * Types of Carbon & H * Hybridization * Classification of Organic Compounds * Questions to find Aromatic Compounds
* Atomic Structure Lecture 1 * Atomic Structure Lecture 2 * Atomic Structure Lecture 3 * Atomic Structure Lecture 4 * Atomic Structure Lecture 5 * Atomic Structure Lecture 6 * Atomic Structure Lecture 7
* Periodic Properties Lectures 1 * Periodic Properties Lectures 2 * Periodic Properties Lectures 3 * Periodic Properties Lectures 4 * Periodic Properties Lectures 5 * Periodic Properties Lectures 6 * Periodic Properties Lectures 7 * Periodic Properties Lectures 8 * Periodic Properties Lectures 9 * Periodic Properties Lectures 10
Chemical Bonding and Molecular Structure
* Valence Electrons * Ionic Bond * Covalent Bond * Bond Parameters * Lewis Structure * Polar Character of Covalent Bond * Covalent character of ionic bond * Valence Bond theory * Resonance * Geometry of Covalent Molecules * VSEPR theory * Concept of Hybridization Involving S * P and D orbitals and shapes of Some Simple Molecules * Molecular Orbital theory of homonuclear diatomic molecules(qualitative idea only) Hydrogen Bond *
States of Matter : Gases and Liquids
* Three States of Matter * Intermolecular Interactions * Types of Bonding * Melting and Boiling Points * Role of gas laws in elucidating the concept of the molecule * Boyle’s Law * Charles Law * Gay Lussac’s Law * Avogadro’s Law * Ideal Behaviour * Empirical derivation of gas equation * Avogadro Number * Ideal gas Equation * Kinetic Energy and Molecular Speeds ( Elementary idea) * Deviation from ideal Behaviour * Liquefaction of gases * Critical Temprature * Liquid State – Vapour Pressure, Viscosity and Surface Tension
* Concepts of System * Types of System * First Law of thermodynamics – internal Energy and Enthalpy,Heat Capacity and Specific Heat * Hess’s law of Constant heat summation * Enthalpy of : Bond Dissociation, Combustion, Formation, Atomozation, Sublimation, Phase Transition, Ionozation * Introduaction of entropy as a state function * Second law of thermodynamics * Gibbs energy change for Spontaneous and non-Spontaneous process * Criteria for Equilibrium * Third law of thermodynamics – Breif Introduction
* Equilibrium in Physical and chemical processes * Dynamic nature of Equilibrium * Law of Mass action * Equilibrium Constant * Factors affecting equilibrium – Le Chatelier’s Principle * Ionic Equilibrium – Ionization of acids and bases * Strong and Weak Electrolytes * Degree of Ionization * Ionization of polybasic acids * Acid Strength * Concept of pH * Hydrolysis of salts * Buffer Solution * Henderson Equation * Solubility Product * Common ion effect
* Concept of Oxidation and reduction * Redox Reactions * Oxidation number * Balancing Redox Reactions in terms of loss and gain of electron and change in oxidation numbers * Applications of Redox Reactions
* Position of hydrogen in periodic table * Occurrence * Isotopes * Preparation * Properties and use of hydrogen * hydrides – ionic, Covalent and interstitial * Physical and chemical properties of water * heavy water * hydrogen peroxyde -Preparation * Reactions, use and structure * Hydrogen as a fuel
s- Block Elements ( Alkali and Alkaline earth metals)
* Group 1 and Group 2 Elements * General Introduction * Electronic Configuration * Occurrence * Anomalous Properties of the first element of each group * Diagonal Relationship * Trends in the variation of properties * Trends in chemical reactivity with oxygen * Water * Hydrogen and halogens * Preparation and Properties of Some Important Compounds : Sodium Carbonate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Hydroxide and Sodium Hydrogencarbonate * Biological Importance of Sodium and Potassium
Some p-Block Elements
* General Introduction to p – Block Elements * Group 13 elements : General Introduction * Electronic Configuration * Occurance * Variation of Properties * Oxidation States * Trends in chemical reaction * Anomalous properties of first element of the group * Boron Physical and Chemical Properties * Some Important Compounds : borax, boric acids, Boron hydrides * Group 14 Elements : General Introduction * Electronic Configuration * Occurrence * Variation of Properties * Oxidation States * Trends in Chemical Reactivity * Anomalous behaviour of first elements * Carbon – catenation * Allotropic forms * Physical and Chemical Properties * Uses of some important compounds : Oxides * Important Compounds of silicon and a few uses : silicon tetrachloride, Silicones, silicates and zeolites
* Classification of Hydrocarbons * Aliphatic Hydrocarbons * Alkanes – Nomenclature, Isomerism, Conformations (ethane only), Physical Properties,Chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation * Combustion and Pyrolysis * Alkenes – Nomenclature, Structure of double bond (ethene), geometrical isomerism * Physical Properties * Methods of preparation * Chemical reaction – addition of hydrogen, halogen, water, hydrogen halides , ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition * Alkynes – Nomenclature, Structure of triple bond (ethyne),Physical Properties * Methods of Preparation * Chemical reactions : acidic character of alkynes, Addition reaction of hydrogen, halogens, hydrogen halids and water * Aromatic hydrocarbons – introduction,IUPAC Nomenclature * Benzene : Resonance, Aromaticity * Chemical Properties : Mechanism of electrophilic substitution – nitration sulphonation, halogenation, Freidel Craft’s alkylation and acylation * Directive influence of functional group in mono -substituted benzene * carcinogenicity and toxicity
* Environmental Pollution- Air, Water and Soil pollution, Chemical reaction in atmosphere,Smogs * Major atmospheric Pollutants : acid rain, ozone and its reactions * Effects of depletion of ozone layer * Greenhouse effect and global warming – \pollution due to undustrial wastes * Green Chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution * Strategy for Control of Environmental Pollution